As the popularity of pot and pot-related products has soared in recent months, more and more people have begun to hear the terms CBD and THC.
Let’s take a closer look.
First, off CBD, which refers to Cannabidiol, and THC, which stands for Tetrahydrocannabinol, are two of the most prominent and most studied cannabinoids found in cannabis, which is a plant genus that includes both marijuana and hemp.
In all, there are over 100 cannabinoids, which interestingly have all been shown to have various health benefits for humans.
Both CBD and THC interact with the endocannabinoid system that is found within the human body – but this is where the similarities end. These two cannabinoids have very different effects once inside the human body.
By the way, the endocannabinoid system is a relatively recent discovery. This system is basically a signaling system that is responsible for regulating numerous functions within the body, including:
Basically, when CBD and THC interact with the endocannabinoid system’s receptors they cause the release of neurotransmitters in the brain. These neurotransmitters can then impact how we feel.
Let’s now look at five big differences between CBD and THC.
When you think of recreational marijuana, which has been legalized in eleven states and Washington, DC, in the US, that is THC.
THC is the main psychoactive compound in cannabis. The reaction that brings about the intoxicating effects associated with smoking marijuana is exclusively due to THC interacting with our bodies’ CB1 receptors.
THC is still most often consumed by smoking marijuana but it is also available in oils, edibles, tinctures, capsules, and more.
CBD, on the other hand, provides relief for a number of conditions without the euphoric effects of THC … making it of greater benefit to the medical marijuana market, which is now legal in 30 states and Washington, DC, in the US.
One big differentiator between CBD and THC is CBD doesn’t bind with CB1 receptors and can never cause a high, no matter how much of it is consumed.
Hemp is known as marijuana’s legal cousin. Hemp doesn’t make people high and its chemical composition is more CBD dominant.
On the other hand, the marijuana plant has been specifically cultivated over time to contain more THC than any other cannabinoids. Marijuana has commonly been associated with THC levels as low as 3% but today’s strains average 12% THC. There are even some strains that contain 30% THC that are available today.
Hemp’s THC level, by the way, is never more than .3%. That means even marijuana’s least potent strain (3% THC) still has a concentration of THC that is 10 times stronger than hemp.
As we stated previously, marijuana is currently legal in just 11 of 50 states in the US. In the UK, pot is illegal.
Hemp meanwhile is legal in both countries. The legal statuses of marijuana and hemp have a direct impact on the availability of CBD and THC.
For example, in the US CBD is legal but it must be obtained from high-CBD, low-THC hemp. In fact, CBD is not listed as a controlled substance in America’s Controlled Substance Act so it can be used and sold in all 50 states.
The legal status of CBD has led to many supplements being created that contain it – of course, some of these supplements are of much higher quality than others.
One highly-reputable, hemp-based CBD provider in the UK is Sarah’s Blessing. This company offers full spectrum CBD Oil that is organically grown and cultivated in Switzerland. You can learn more about Sarah’s blessing at www.sarahsblessing.co.uk.
The psychoactive properties of THC can cause a number of temporary side effects, including:
In comparison, even large doses of CBD have been shown to produce no unwanted side effects in humans. In the study “An Update on Safety and Side Effects of Cannabidiol: A Review of Clinical Data and Relevant Animal Studies” researchers determined that CBD appears to be safe in both humans and animals.
Here are just some of the benefits that have already been associated with CBD:
That’s quite a lot. For example, let’s look at pain relief which is something that a lot of people are interested in.
In a study entitled “Pharmacotherapeutic considerations for use of cannabinoids to relieve pain in patients with malignant diseases” researchers determined that CBD may help reduce chronic pain by impacting endocannabinoid receptor activity, reducing inflammation and interacting with neurotransmitters.
Animal studies, such as “Cannabidiol Is a Potential Therapeutic for the Affective-Motivational Dimension of Incision Pain in Rats” have shown that CBD reduced pain response to surgical incision and reduced sciatic nerve pain and inflammation.
Numerous studies have demonstrated CBD’s potential as a treatment for those conditions. For example, in a study entitled Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders researchers determined “CBD has considerable potential as a treatment for multiple anxiety disorders ….”
CBD may even protect against THC-induced psychosis! In a study entitled Effects of cannabidiol on schizophrenia-like symptoms in people who use cannabis researchers found that people who used THC alone were more prone to psychosis (or schizophrenia-like symptoms) than those who used THC and CBD.
THC has benefits as well – such as reducing stress and anxiety and relieving pain – but the benefits must be carefully weighed against its psychoactive nature, possible side effects and illegal status in many areas.
To learn much more about the CBD products offered by Sarah’s Blessing, which include candy, tea, oil and cream, visit www.sarahsblessing.co.uk.
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